Document and Entity Information - USD ($)
$ in Billions
12 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
May 21, 2018
Sep. 30, 2017
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]      
Document Type 10-K    
Amendment Flag false    
Document Period End Date Mar. 31, 2018    
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2018    
Document Fiscal Period Focus FY    
Trading Symbol EXP    
Entity Registrant Name EAGLE MATERIALS INC    
Entity Central Index Key 0000918646    
Current Fiscal Year End Date --03-31    
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer Yes    
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes    
Entity Voluntary Filers No    
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer    
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   47,973,138  
Entity Public Float     $ 5.1